If she do bid me pack, I'll give her thanks, Auch die Dialoge stimmen an verschiedenen Stellen im Wortlaut überein, sind jedoch insgesamt unabhängig voneinander formuliert. [24], Efforts to date the play's composition are complicated by its uncertain relationship with another Elizabethan play entitled A Pleasant Conceited Historie, called the taming of a Shrew, which has an almost identical plot but different wording and character names. Muddy, ill-seeming, thick, bereft of beauty, Ein Sommernachtstraum | And they're betting on the women as though they are dogs in a race or horses. [94], Some scholars argue that even in Shakespeare's day the play must have been controversial, due to the changing nature of gender politics. Aufgrund der misogynen Handlung gilt das Werk spätestens seit dem ausgehenden 19. Jetzt online bestellen und gleichzeitig die Umwelt schonen. [170] Rudolf Karel's The Taming of the Shrew is an unfinished opera upon which he worked between 1942 and 1944. In a farce, plotting takes precedence over characterization. It's reduced to that. One of the clearest examples of this is Petruchio's funny little habit of linking himself with the wind. Zes acteurs namen elk zes teksten onder handen en distilleerden er de essentie uit, om zo tot 36 prachtige miniatuuropvoeringen te komen, elk van ca. Das erste überlieferte Aufführungsdatum geht aus einem Eintrag in Henslowes Tagebuch vom Juni 1594 hervor. The Taming of the Shrew is a stage play in the form of a comedy that satirizes silly or unfair social customs and courting practices, often through farce. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one: ). "[77] Part of Miller's evidence relates to Gremio, who has no counterpart in A Shrew. He reached this conclusion primarily because A Shrew features numerous lines almost identical to lines in Marlowe's Tamburlaine and Dr. Even Katherina's own father refers to her as "thou hilding of a devilish spirit" (2.1.26). [35], The 1594 quarto of A Shrew was printed by Peter Short for Cuthbert Burbie. Hearing this, Hortensio recruits Petruchio as a suitor for Katherina. Miller agrees with most modern scholars that A Shrew is derived from The Shrew, but he does not believe it to be a bad quarto. Hibbard argues that during the period in which the play was written, arranged marriages were beginning to give way to newer, more romantically informed unions, and thus people's views on women's position in society, and their relationships with men, were in a state of flux. Language itself has thus become a battleground. Eine solche Aufklärung der Entstehungsgeschichte wird dadurch erschwert, dass es eine ähnliche Komödie gibt, die 1594, also knapp dreißig Jahre vor der Folioausgabe, anonym erschien. First performed at Drury Lane in 1735, starring Kitty Clive and Charles Macklin, A Cure for a Scold was an adaptation of Lacy's Sauny the Scot rather than Shakespeare's original Taming of the Shrew. Of course, The Taming of the Shrew is a comedy, and Petruchio’s techniques are somewhat fantastical. Auteur: William Shakespeare Schrijf een review. [103][104], Petruchio's 'taming' of Kate, harsh though it may be, is a far cry from the fiercely repressive measures going on outside the theatre, and presumably endorsed by much of its audience. Lucentio marries Bianca and, in a contest at the end, Katherina proves to be the most obedient wife. "[72] Hickson, who believed Marlowe to have written A Shrew, had hinted at this theory in 1850; "though I do not believe Shakspeare's play to contain a line of any other writer, I think it extremely probable that we have it only in a revised form, and that, consequently, the play which Marlowe imitated might not necessarily have been that fund of life and humour that we find it now. And speak I will. Im Prolog der Rahmenhandlung wird Schlau, ein stets betrunkener Kesselflicker, unsanft aus einer Gastwirtschaft entfernt, nachdem er randaliert hat. Recognising the evil of despotic domination, the play holds up in inverse form Kate's shrewishness, the feminine form of the will to dominance, as an evil that obstructs natural fulfillment and destroys marital happiness.[154]. Although there is no direct literary source for the induction, the tale of a commoner being duped into believing he is a lord is one found in many literary traditions. The play has changed key: it has modulated back from something like realistic social comedy to the other, 'broader' kind of entertainment that was foretold by the Induction. And the moon changes even as your mind: Historiendramen: Auf der Grundlage dieser im Text des Werkes nicht bestreitbaren, offensichtlich misogynen Passagen lässt sich die Geschichte der literaturkritischen Rezeption des Werkes laut Suerbaum bis heute eigentlich nur als ein Versuch verstehen, die als durchaus problematisch oder anfechtbar geltenden Stellen des Werkes apologetisch zu rechtfertigen, mit je nach historischer Epoche unterschiedlichen Strategien der Rechtfertigung. The following activity is a great way to introduce the story of The Taming of the Shrew to a group of students who are getting to know the play. For example, in Act 2, Scene 1, Tranio (as Lucentio) and Gremio bid for Bianca, but Hortensio, who everyone is aware is also a suitor, is never mentioned. Als Schlau zu sich kommt, liegt er sauber gewaschen und parfümiert in einem reinen Bett, mit Dienerschaft um sich herum. It shall be seven ere I go to horse. [23] An additional minor source is Mostellaria by Plautus, from which Shakespeare probably took the names of Tranio and Grumio. T he main themes in The Taming of the Shrew include gender roles, appearance versus reality, and games and role-play.. Als Quelle diente ihm neben volkstümlichen Motiven und Überlieferungen auch George Gascoignes Komödie The Supposes (1566). Shakespeare could have drawn on a plethora of popular literature and drama which featured the stereotypical ‘shrewish’ woman who was loud, unpleasant, violent and aggressive. [161], Frederic Reynolds' Catherine and Petruchio (1828) is an adaptation of Garrick, with an overture taken from Gioachino Rossini, songs derived from numerous Shakespeare plays and sonnets, and music by John Braham and Thomas Simpson Cooke. Der Trinker erwacht vor dem Pub, aus dem man ihn zuvor hinausgeworfen hatte. In many accounts, William Shakespeare’s Taming Of The Shrew, is often criticized for its seemingly misogynistic themes; such as the thought of “taming” a woman, thus making her completely submissive to her husband. Jahrhundert wurden demgegenüber Petruchios Handlungen und Sprüche gern als farcenhafter Klamauk oder Übertreibung betrachtet oder interpretiert, wobei die Gattung der Farce im elisabethanischen Drama als eigenständiges Genre allerdings überhaupt noch nicht existierte.[11]. This suggests The Shrew was on stage prior to June 1592. The basis of this play is that it is a play WITHIN a play. As the play by William Shakespeare begins, the reader encounters Christopher Sly, a drunkard being thrown from a tavern. Oliver says it is a "natural assumption" that these publications were sold by members of Pembroke's Men who were broke after the failed tour. Tranio (still disguised as Lucentio) appears, and the pedant acknowledges him to be his son Lucentio. [183] In 1988, Aleksandre Machavariani composed a ballet suite, but it was not performed until 2009, when his son, conductor Vakhtang Machavariani, gave a concert at the Georgian National Music Center featuring music by Modest Mussorgsky, Sergei Prokofiev and some of his father's pieces. [81], Miller believes the compiler "appears to have wished to make the play shorter, more of a romantic comedy full of wooing and glamorous rhetoric, and to add more obvious, broad comedy. The earliest record of … That is, her love; for that is all in all. So gab es in England massenhaft Balladen wie etwa A Merry Jest of a Shrewed and Cursed Wife (um 1550), Geschichten und Witze über die shrew, eine zänkische und widerborstige Frau oder einen „Weibsteufel“. "[70] Miller believes that Chambers and Kirschbaum successfully illustrate A Shrew does not fulfil this rubric. Andere Werke: Elam's arguments suggest The Shrew must have been written by 1591, which places the date of composition around 1590–1591. [158] He suggests that cruelty is a more important theme than gender, arguing that "the aggression represented in Taming can be read as having less to do with gender and more to do with hate, with the text thereby becoming a comic representation of the general problem of human cruelty and victimisation."[159]. Kidnie says of this scene, "the language game has suddenly changed and the stakes have been raised. In the English countryside, a poor tinker named Christopher Sly becomes the target of a prank by a local lord. Petruchio, however, attempts to tame her – and thus her language – with rhetoric that specifically undermines her tempestuous nature; Say that she rail, why then I'll tell her plain Confounds thy fame, as whirlwinds shake fair buds, Das Wintermärchen | The play begins with a framing device, often referred to as the induction,[a] in which a mischievous nobleman tricks a drunken tinker named Christopher Sly into believing he is actually a nobleman himself. In particular, he concentrated on the various complications and inconsistencies in the subplot of A Shrew, which had been used by Houk and Duthie as evidence for an Ur-Shrew, to argue that the reporter of A Shrew attempted to recreate the complex subplot from The Shrew but got confused; "the compiler of A Shrew while trying to follow the subplot of The Shrew gave it up as too complicated to reproduce, and fell back on love scenes in which he substituted for the maneuvers of the disguised Lucentio and Hortensio extracts from Tamburlaine and Faustus, with which the lovers woo their ladies. I'm not the Thing I represented. [185] Extracts were also broadcast in 1925 as part of Shakespeare: Scene and Story, with Edna Godfrey-Turner and William Macready,[186] and in 1926 as part of Shakespeare's Heroines, with Madge Titheradge and Edmund Willard. Alexander Leggatt states: the taming of Katherina is not just a lesson, but a game – a test of skill and a source of pleasure. Too little payment for so great a debt. [74], Alexander returned to the debate in 1969, re-presenting his bad quarto theory. Duthie argues this other version was a Shakespearean early draft of The Shrew; A Shrew constitutes a reported text of a now lost early draft. The first wife insisted on knowing the reason for the command; she received several blows from her husband's fist. Faustus. He explains to Hortensio, an old friend of his, that since his father's death he has set out to enjoy life and wed. As morning roses newly washed with dew. Neuere, zeitgemäße Übersetzungen gibt es u. a. von Erich Fried, Frank Günther und Anna Cron. "[69] Character names are changed, basic plot points are altered (Kate has two sisters for example, not one), the play is set in Athens instead of Padua, the Sly framework forms a complete narrative, and entire speeches are completely different, all of which suggests to Miller that the author of A Shrew thought they were working on something different from Shakespeare's play, not attempting to transcribe it for resale; "underpinning the notion of a 'Shakespearean bad quarto' is the assumption that the motive of whoever compiled that text was to produce, differentially, a verbal replica of what appeared on stage. Perikles, Prinz von Tyrus | Whilst thou liest warm at home, secure and safe, It should not be read seriously or ironically; it is part of the farcical nature of the play-within-the-play. Der einzige authentische Text findet sich in der First Folio von 1623. In ihr erscheint die Rahmenhandlung mit dem betrunkenen Schlau nicht nur als Prolog, sondern auch als Epilog. Although it is impossible to date The Taming of the Shrew exactly, evidence marks it as one of Shakespeare's earliest comedies, written most likely in the late 1580s or early 1590s. /She is my goods,my chattels, my field, my barn, / My horse, my ox, my ass, my any thing“ (II,2,229-232)[9] und die Predigt Katharinas über die Unterwerfungspflicht der Frau (V,2, 136-179) werden seitdem auch in der nachfolgenden jüngeren literaturwissenschaftlichen Diskussion und Kritik bis in die Gegenwart durchgängig als höchst anstößig betrachtet.[10]. The Source for The Taming of the Shrew. But now I see our lances are but straws, ; siehe auch, Der Widerspenstigen Zähmung (Begriffsklärung), https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Der_Widerspenstigen_Zähmung&oldid=195472838, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Lucentio verliebt sich in Bianca, die jüngere der beiden Töchter Baptistas. But sun it is not, when you say it is not, Hamlet | You can buy the Arden text of this play from the Amazon.com online bookstore: The Taming of the Shrew: Second Series - Paperback (The Arden Shakespeare) Entire play in one page. The play within the play has been presented only after all the preliminaries have encouraged us to take it as a farce. A terminus ante quem for A Shrew seems to be August 1592, as a stage direction at 3.21 mentions "Simon," which probably refers to the actor Simon Jewell, who was buried on 21 August 1592. And so it shall be so for Katherine. The Taming of the Shrew, though, is somewhat different: the play does not end with marriage. She constantly insults and degrades the men around her, and she is prone to wild displays of anger, during which she may physically attack whomever enrages her. Instead he labelled A Shrew a bad quarto. Damit relativiert sich die „Zähmung“. Once upon a time there was an wealthy merchant called Baptista Minola who lived in the Italian city of Padua. However, it is Petruchio who seemingly emerges as the victor. Her surrender and obedience signify her emotional bondage as a survival strategy; she aims to please because her life depends upon it. In Act 3, Scene 2, Tranio suddenly becomes an old friend of Petruchio, knowing his mannerisms and explaining his tardiness prior to the wedding. This must refer to The Shrew, as there is no corresponding "kissing scene" in A Shrew. Brutish, fortune-hunting scoundrel Petruchio tames his wealthy, shrewish wife, Katharina. As much as Elsa’s parents tried to control them but there was no helping it, so Elsa was shut away in her bedroom for most of her early childhood, she was given gloves to help suppress her powers and was told to hold in her emotions. Petruchio erweist sich in einem Wortgefecht als ebenbürtiger Gegner für Katharina und erklärt ihr, er werde sie heiraten, ob sie wolle oder nicht („will you, nill you, I will marry you“, II.i.263). As Gremio does have a counterpart in I Suppositi, Miller concludes that "to argue the priority of A Shrew in this case would mean arguing that Shakespeare took the negative hints from the speeches of Polidor and Phylema and gave them to a character he resurrected from Supposes. is an example of Shakespeare's borrowing from Florio's dialogue between Peter and Stephan, who have just arrived in the north: PETER The Taming of the Shrew) ist eine Komödie von William Shakespeare. Along the way, they meet Vincentio, who is also on his way to Padua, and Katherina agrees with Petruchio when he declares that Vincentio is a woman and then apologises to Vincentio when Petruchio tells her that he is a man. A woman moved is like a fountain troubled, The Taming of the Shrew Summary The Taming of the Shrew is in fact a play within a play. [112], Oliver argues that "the main purpose of the Induction was to set the tone for the play within the play – in particular, to present the story of Kate and her sister as none-too-serious comedy put on to divert a drunken tinker". Y'are a baggage, the Slies are no Rogues. Gender roles: The play can be … "[93] Philippa Kelly asks: Do we simply add our voices to those of critical disapproval, seeing Shrew as at best an 'early Shakespeare', the socially provocative effort of a dramatist who was learning to flex his muscles? The Taming of the Shrew Zusammenfassung. That means that the story starts out with some people and then some of the characters perform a … In the play performed for Sly, the "shrew" is Katherina, the older daughter of Baptista Minola, a lord in Padua. Critically, four main theories have emerged in response to Katherina's speech; George Bernard Shaw wrote in 1897 that "no man with any decency of feeling can sit it out in the company of a woman without being extremely ashamed of the lord-of-creation moral implied in the wager and the speech put into the woman's own mouth. At the end, there is no wager. The wife of the third merchant received the same warning as the rest, but the intended trial was postponed until after dinner. To see fair Padua, nursery of arts, ", For more information on the relationship between, The letter, dated 8 June 1888, is reproduced in full in, Libro de los ejemplos del conde Lucanor y de Patronio, Livre pour l'enseignement de ses filles du Chevalier de La Tour Landry, The First part of the Contention betwixt the two famous Houses of Yorke and Lancaster, The Taming of the Shrew in performance § Theatrical adaptations, Sly, ovvero la leggenda del dormiente risvegliato, The Taming of the Shrew on screen § Television, "Michael Bogdanov Interviewed by Christopher J. McCullough", British Universities Film & Video Council, "Shakespeare, Scene and Story [17/04/1925]", SEL: Studies in English Literature 1500–1900, "Comic Structure and the Humanizing of Kate in, "Petruchio's Horse: Equine and Household Mismanagement in, "Katherina Bound; Or, Play(K)ating the Strictures of Everyday Life", "Levelling Shakespeare: Local Customs and Local Texts", "Kate, Bianca, Ruth and Sarah: Playing the Woman's Part in, Journal of English and Germanic Philology, Sly, ovvero La leggenda del dormiente risvegliato, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Taming_of_the_Shrew&oldid=995332184, Articles with dead external links from January 2012, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with dead external links from March 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Baptista Minola – father of Katherina and Bianca, Hortensio – suitor of Bianca and friend to Petruchio, The two plays are unrelated other than the fact that they are both based on another play which is now lost. [53] In his 1790 edition of The Plays and Poems of William Shakespeare, however, Edmond Malone removed all A Shrew extracts and returned the text to the 1623 First Folio version. Induction, Scene 2: A bedchamber in the Lord's house. The Taming of the Shrew, William Shakespeare The Taming of the Shrew is a comedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1590 and 1592.